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Dong-il Kim ➤ vereinslos seit ➤ Offensives Mittelfeld ➤ Marktwert: ➤ * in. Dong-Il Kim is on the board of SunBio, Inc. and Celltrion, Inc. and Professor at Inha University. He received a graduate degree and an undergraduate degree. Currently, Dong-Il Kim occupies the position of Director & Senior Managing Director at Biotoxtech Co., Ltd. Mr. Kim is also on the board of Scas-BTT Bioanalysis. Berufserfahrung, Kontaktdaten, Portfolio und weitere Infos: Erfahr mehr – oder kontaktier Dong Il Kim direkt bei XING. Dong-il Kim. Date of birth/Age: Dec 14, (22). Citizenship: Korea, South. Position: Attacking Midfield. Dong-il Kim. Without Club since: Jan 1, Last club.

Dong Il Kim

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In the wake of the devastation of the s, the government began formally approving some activity of small-scale bartering and trade.

In , Kim declared that "money should be capable of measuring the worth of all commodities. During a rare visit in , Kim expressed admiration for China's rapid economic progress.

An unsuccessful devaluation of the North Korean won in , initiated or approved by Kim personally, [41] caused brief economic chaos and uncovered the vulnerability of the country's societal fabric in the face of crisis.

Kim was known as a skilled and manipulative diplomat. Kim announced plans to import and develop new technologies to develop North Korea's fledgling software industry.

As a result of the new policy, the Kaesong Industrial Park was constructed in just north of the de-militarized zone.

In , North Korea and the United States signed an Agreed Framework which was designed to freeze and eventually dismantle the North's nuclear weapons program in exchange for aid in producing two power-generating nuclear reactors and the assurance that it would not be invaded again.

In , after a meeting with Madeleine Albright , he agreed to a moratorium on missile construction. On his 60th birthday based on his official date of birth , mass celebrations occurred throughout the country on the occasion of his Hwangap.

The prevailing point of view is that the people's adherence to Kim's cult of personality was solely out of respect for Kim Il-sung or out of fear of punishment for failure to pay homage.

According to a Human Rights Watch report, the North Korean government under Kim was "among the world's most repressive governments", having up to , political prisoners according to U.

Kim's government was accused of " crimes against humanity " for its alleged culpability in creating and prolonging the s famine.

Shigemura moreover claimed a voiceprint analysis of Kim speaking in did not match a known earlier recording. It was also noted that Kim did not appear in public for the Olympic torch relay in Pyongyang on 28 April The question had reportedly "baffled foreign intelligence agencies for years".

On 9 September , various sources reported that after he did not show up that day for a military parade celebrating North Korea's 60th anniversary, United States intelligence agencies believed Kim might be "gravely ill" after having suffered a stroke.

He had last been seen in public a month earlier. A former CIA official said earlier reports of a health crisis were likely accurate.

North Korean media remained silent on the issue. An Associated Press report said analysts believed Kim had been supporting moderates in the foreign ministry, while North Korea's powerful military was against so-called "Six-Party" negotiations with China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States aimed towards ridding North Korea of nuclear weapons.

Some United States officials noted that soon after rumours about Kim's health were publicized a month before, North Korea had taken a "tougher line in nuclear negotiations".

In late August North Korea's official news agency reported the government would "consider soon a step to restore the nuclear facilities in Nyongbyon to their original state as strongly requested by its relevant institutions".

Analysts said this meant "the military may have taken the upper hand and that Kim might no longer be wielding absolute authority".

By 10 September, there were conflicting reports. Unidentified South Korean government officials said Kim had undergone surgery after suffering a minor stroke and had apparently "intended to attend 9 September event in the afternoon but decided not to because of the aftermath of the surgery".

High-ranking North Korean official Kim Yong-nam said, "While we wanted to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the country with general secretary Kim Jong-Il, we celebrated on our own".

Song Il-Ho, North Korea's ambassador said, "We see such reports as not only worthless, but rather as a conspiracy plot".

Seoul's Chosun Ilbo newspaper reported that "the South Korean embassy in Beijing had received an intelligence report that Kim collapsed on 22 August".

Japan's Kyodo News agency reported on 14 September, that "Kim collapsed on 14 August due to stroke or a cerebral hemorrhage , and that Beijing dispatched five military doctors at the request of Pyongyang.

Kim will require a long period of rest and rehabilitation before he fully recovers and has complete command of his limbs again, as with typical stroke victims".

Japan's Mainichi Shimbun claimed Kim had occasionally lost consciousness since April. He was apparently conscious "but he needs some time to recuperate from the recent stroke, with some parts of his hands and feet paralyzed".

It cited Chinese sources which claimed that one cause for the stroke could have been stress brought about by the United States delay to remove North Korea from its list of state sponsors of terrorism.

On 19 October, North Korea reportedly ordered its diplomats to stay near their embassies to await "an important message", according to Japan's Yomiuri Shimbun , setting off renewed speculation about the health of the ailing leader.

By 29 October , reports stated Kim suffered a serious setback and had been taken back to hospital. However, I don't think he is totally incapable of making decisions".

Aso further said a French neurosurgeon was aboard a plane for Beijing, en route to North Korea. Further, Kim Sung-ho, director of South Korea's National Intelligence Service, told lawmakers in a closed parliamentary session in Seoul that "Kim appeared to be recovering quickly enough to start performing his daily duties".

Japan's Fuji Television network reported that Kim's eldest son, Kim Jong-nam , travelled to Paris to hire a neurosurgeon for his father, and showed footage where the surgeon boarded flight CA bound for Pyongyang from Beijing on 24 October.

Roux said Kim suffered few lasting effects. Shown with his usual bouffant hairstyle, with his trademark sunglasses and a white winter parka, Kim stood in front of trees with autumn foliage and a red-and-white banner.

In November , Japan's TBS TV network reported that Kim had suffered a second stroke in October, which "affected the movement of his left arm and leg and also his ability to speak".

In response to the rumors regarding Kim's health and supposed loss of power, in April , North Korea released a video showing Kim visiting factories and other places around the country between November and December According to The Daily Telegraph , Kim was a chain-smoker.

Kim's three sons and his brother-in-law, along with O Kuk-ryol , an army general, had been noted as possible successors, but the North Korean government had for a time been wholly silent on this matter.

Kim Yong Hyun, a political expert at the Institute for North Korean Studies at Seoul 's Dongguk University , said in "Even the North Korean establishment would not advocate a continuation of the family dynasty at this point".

This was the first time Kim was seen in public since August He was unanimously re-elected and given a standing ovation. Kim reportedly visited the People's Republic of China in May He entered the country via his personal train on 3 May and stayed in a hotel in Dalian.

Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell told South Korean officials that Kim had only three years to live, according to medical information that had been compiled.

There were speculations that the visits of Kim abroad in and were a sign of his improving health and a possible slowdown in succession might follow.

There is no official information available about Kim Jong-il's marital history, but he is believed to have been officially married twice and to have had three mistresses.

His two known daughters are Kim Sul-song and Kim Yo-jong. Kim's first wife, Hong Il-chon , was the daughter of a martyr who died during the Korean War.

She was handpicked by his father and married to him in They have a girl called Kim Hye-kyung , [] who was born in Soon, they divorced in Kim's first mistress, Song Hye-rim , was a star of North Korean films.

She was already married to another man and with a child when they met. This relationship, started in , was not officially recognized. They had one son, Kim Jong-nam — , who was Kim Jong-il's eldest son.

Kim kept both the relationship and the child a secret even from his father until he ascended to power in Kim's official wife, Kim Young-sook , was the daughter of a high-ranking military official.

His father Kim Il-Sung handpicked her to marry his son. Kim had a daughter from this marriage, Kim Sul-song born His second mistress, Ko Yong-hui , was a Japanese-born ethnic Korean and a dancer.

After Ko's death, Kim lived with Kim Ok , his third mistress, who had served as his personal secretary since the s.

She "virtually act[ed] as North Korea's first lady" and frequently accompanied Kim on his visits to military bases and in meetings with visiting foreign dignitaries.

She travelled with Kim on a secretive trip to China in January , where she was received by Chinese officials as Kim's wife. As he explains, their roles were limited to that of romance and domesticity.

He had a younger sister, Kim Kyong-hui. She was married to Jang Sung-taek , who was executed in December in Pyongyang , after being charged with treason and corruption.

Like his father, Kim had a fear of flying [] and always travelled by private armored train for state visits to Russia and China.

Kim was said to be a huge film fan, owning a collection of more than 20, video tapes and DVDs. Although Kim enjoyed many foreign forms of entertainment, according to former bodyguard Lee Young Kuk , he refused to consume any food or drink not produced in North Korea, with the exception of wine from France.

Kim reportedly enjoyed basketball. United States Special Envoy for the Korean Peace Talks, Charles Kartman, who was involved in the Madeleine Albright summit with Kim, characterised Kim as a reasonable man in negotiations, to the point, but with a sense of humor and personally attentive to the people he was hosting.

The field of psychology has long been fascinated with the personality assessment of dictators, a notion that resulted in an extensive personality evaluation of Kim.

The report, compiled by Frederick L. Coolidge and Daniel L. Defectors claimed that Kim had 17 different palaces and residences all over North Korea, including a private resort near Baekdu Mountain , a seaside lodge in the city of Wonsan , and Ryongsong Residence , a palace complex northeast of Pyongyang surrounded with multiple fence lines, bunkers and anti-aircraft batteries.

The Sunday Telegraph reported that most of the money was in banks in Luxembourg. Kim's funeral took place on 28 December in Pyongyang, with a mourning period lasting until the following day.

South Korea's military was immediately put on alert after the announcement and its National Security Council convened for an emergency meeting, out of concern that political jockeying in North Korea could destabilise the region.

Asian stock markets fell soon after the announcement, due to similar concerns. On 12 January , North Korea called Kim the "eternal leader" and announced that his body would be preserved and displayed at Pyongyang's Kumsusan Memorial Palace.

Officials also announced plans to install statues, portraits, and "towers to his immortality" across the country. In February , on what would have been his 71st birthday, Kim was posthumously made Dae Wonsu usually translated as Generalissimo , literally Grand Marshal , the nation's top military rank.

Kim received numerous titles during his rule. According to North Korean sources, Kim published some works during a period of his career from June to June At least , copies of [Kim Jong-il's works] were translated into nearly 70 languages and came off the press in about 80 countries in the new century.

There were more than activities for studying and distributing the works in at least countries and regions in The following year witnessed a total of more than events of diverse forms in at least countries and regions.

And saw at least 3, functions held in over countries and regions for the same purpose. The Selected Works of Kim Jong-il Enlarged Edition , whose publishing has continued posthumously, runs into volume 24 in Korean [] and to volume 15 in English.

In his teens and university years, Kim had written poems. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Second supreme leader of North Korea. This is a Korean name ; the family name is Kim.

Eternal Leader Generalissimo. Kim Jong-il. Central institution membership. Other offices held. Main article: North Korean cult of personality.

See also: Human rights in North Korea. Further information: Kim dynasty North Korea. Main article: Death and state funeral of Kim Jong-il. Main article: List of Kim Jong-il's titles.

Main article: Kim Jong-il bibliography. North Korea portal Politics portal. Retrieved 28 April Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 8 August Strategic Studies Institute.

Columbia University Press. Kim Jong Il's leadership of North Korea. The Chosun Ilbo. Archived from the original on 11 March Retrieved 19 February Sheets, Lawrence 12 February Retrieved 19 December BBC News.

Retrieved 28 December Green eds. Hankyoreh Shinmun. October Asia Times. Leaders and their followers in a dangerous world: the psychology of political behavior.

Cornell University Press. Hassig North Korea through the Looking Glass. Brookings Institution Press. Martin's Press. Times of Malta.

Retrieved 4 April The Guardian. Retrieved 6 January Kim Jong-il's Leadership of North Korea. Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 19 April Asian Economic Papers.

This tragedy was the result of a misguided strategy of self-reliance that only served to increase the country's vulnerability to both economic and natural shocks The Economist.

Retrieved 24 September Retrieved 11 March Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 5 July Army War College Quarterly, Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 10 October Retrieved 18 December Korea leader sets world fashion trend, Pyongyang claims".

The Independent. Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original on 16 August The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 13 October Archived from the original PDF on 19 March Marshall Cavendish.

Human Rights Watch. July Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 25 January The Times. Retrieved 5 December Retrieved 8 September Star Tribune.

Archived from the original on 11 September He was the Sign In. Michael Dong-Il Kim Michael Dong-Il Kim passed away peacefully on August 3rd, , five weeks after celebrating his 80th birthday surrounded by family.

He was the fourth of six children and grew up among four sisters and a younger brother, who all went on to careers in the medical field. Michael graduated from Korea University School of Medicine in and completed his internship and general surgery residency at Seoul Adventist Hospital three years later.

He worked as a family medicine physician in Texas for over 30 years, sometimes receiving payment in the form of a carton of persimmons or freshly caught fish.

His patients knew him to be friendly, capable, and caring. His family and friends remember him most for his infectious sense of humor, his steadfast loyalty, and his abundant generosity of spirit.

He was always full of energy and loved to mischievously make people laugh--often telling amusing stories and whimsical jokes with a twinkle in his eye.

He had a strong sense of responsibility to provide for his family, constantly working hard and rarely taking a vacation. Michael often demonstrated a strong, cheerful face to the world—keeping his emotions to himself.

Even as his strength faded in recent years, he was thoughtful at all times in his wish to not burden anyone. He quietly persevered through difficult circumstances and stoically endured deep personal challenges with incredible toughness and a gentle smile.

Abonnenten, folgen, Beiträge - Sieh dir Instagram-Fotos und -​Videos von Dong Il Kim (@kakadong1) an. Dong Il Kims Profil auf Operabase, der Referenz für Opernaufführungen weltweit, anzeigen. Dong Il Kim hat 2 Vorstellungen im Profil aufgeführt. NL Sunkid GmbH, Dong-Il Kim Spielwaren und Geschenkartikel Heinrich-von-​Kleist-Straße 48, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe,Hessen. Post Code: Tel. Entdecken Sie all Ihre Lieblingsthemen in der SlideShare-App Holen Sie sich die SlideShare-App. Damit können Sie Inhalte für später speichern – und sogar. Top News. Weitere Nachrichten. Jung-Won Yoon. Meistgelesene Artikel. Mein Portfolio. Business Leaders. Sportwetten Ratgeber Kingdom. Cheol-Beom Park Biotoxtech Co. Börsennotierte Unternehmen. Log-in E-Mail. A-Z Business Leaders.

Dong Il Kim

Suisse FR. Meistgelesene Artikel. Jung-Won Yoon. He received a graduate degree and an undergraduate degree from Seoul National University, a graduate degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a doctorate from Rutgers State University of New Jersey. Jae-Sik Lee Celltrion, Inc. Top Free Slot Machine Noises. United Kingdom. Dong Il Kim

Kim commanded the armed forces, Choe Yong-rim headed the government and handled domestic affairs and Kim Yong-nam handled foreign relations.

However, in practice Kim exercised absolute control over the government and the country. Although not required to stand for popular election to his key offices, he was unanimously elected to the Supreme People's Assembly every five years, representing a military constituency, due to his concurrent capacities as supreme commander of the KPA and chairman of the NDC.

Kim had a "reputation for being almost comically incompetent in matters of economic management". In addition, North Korea experienced severe floods in the mids, exacerbated by poor land management.

Faced with a country in decay, Kim adopted a "Military-First" policy to strengthen the country and reinforce the regime.

In the wake of the devastation of the s, the government began formally approving some activity of small-scale bartering and trade.

In , Kim declared that "money should be capable of measuring the worth of all commodities. During a rare visit in , Kim expressed admiration for China's rapid economic progress.

An unsuccessful devaluation of the North Korean won in , initiated or approved by Kim personally, [41] caused brief economic chaos and uncovered the vulnerability of the country's societal fabric in the face of crisis.

Kim was known as a skilled and manipulative diplomat. Kim announced plans to import and develop new technologies to develop North Korea's fledgling software industry.

As a result of the new policy, the Kaesong Industrial Park was constructed in just north of the de-militarized zone. In , North Korea and the United States signed an Agreed Framework which was designed to freeze and eventually dismantle the North's nuclear weapons program in exchange for aid in producing two power-generating nuclear reactors and the assurance that it would not be invaded again.

In , after a meeting with Madeleine Albright , he agreed to a moratorium on missile construction. On his 60th birthday based on his official date of birth , mass celebrations occurred throughout the country on the occasion of his Hwangap.

The prevailing point of view is that the people's adherence to Kim's cult of personality was solely out of respect for Kim Il-sung or out of fear of punishment for failure to pay homage.

According to a Human Rights Watch report, the North Korean government under Kim was "among the world's most repressive governments", having up to , political prisoners according to U.

Kim's government was accused of " crimes against humanity " for its alleged culpability in creating and prolonging the s famine. Shigemura moreover claimed a voiceprint analysis of Kim speaking in did not match a known earlier recording.

It was also noted that Kim did not appear in public for the Olympic torch relay in Pyongyang on 28 April The question had reportedly "baffled foreign intelligence agencies for years".

On 9 September , various sources reported that after he did not show up that day for a military parade celebrating North Korea's 60th anniversary, United States intelligence agencies believed Kim might be "gravely ill" after having suffered a stroke.

He had last been seen in public a month earlier. A former CIA official said earlier reports of a health crisis were likely accurate.

North Korean media remained silent on the issue. An Associated Press report said analysts believed Kim had been supporting moderates in the foreign ministry, while North Korea's powerful military was against so-called "Six-Party" negotiations with China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States aimed towards ridding North Korea of nuclear weapons.

Some United States officials noted that soon after rumours about Kim's health were publicized a month before, North Korea had taken a "tougher line in nuclear negotiations".

In late August North Korea's official news agency reported the government would "consider soon a step to restore the nuclear facilities in Nyongbyon to their original state as strongly requested by its relevant institutions".

Analysts said this meant "the military may have taken the upper hand and that Kim might no longer be wielding absolute authority".

By 10 September, there were conflicting reports. Unidentified South Korean government officials said Kim had undergone surgery after suffering a minor stroke and had apparently "intended to attend 9 September event in the afternoon but decided not to because of the aftermath of the surgery".

High-ranking North Korean official Kim Yong-nam said, "While we wanted to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the country with general secretary Kim Jong-Il, we celebrated on our own".

Song Il-Ho, North Korea's ambassador said, "We see such reports as not only worthless, but rather as a conspiracy plot".

Seoul's Chosun Ilbo newspaper reported that "the South Korean embassy in Beijing had received an intelligence report that Kim collapsed on 22 August".

Japan's Kyodo News agency reported on 14 September, that "Kim collapsed on 14 August due to stroke or a cerebral hemorrhage , and that Beijing dispatched five military doctors at the request of Pyongyang.

Kim will require a long period of rest and rehabilitation before he fully recovers and has complete command of his limbs again, as with typical stroke victims".

Japan's Mainichi Shimbun claimed Kim had occasionally lost consciousness since April. He was apparently conscious "but he needs some time to recuperate from the recent stroke, with some parts of his hands and feet paralyzed".

It cited Chinese sources which claimed that one cause for the stroke could have been stress brought about by the United States delay to remove North Korea from its list of state sponsors of terrorism.

On 19 October, North Korea reportedly ordered its diplomats to stay near their embassies to await "an important message", according to Japan's Yomiuri Shimbun , setting off renewed speculation about the health of the ailing leader.

By 29 October , reports stated Kim suffered a serious setback and had been taken back to hospital. However, I don't think he is totally incapable of making decisions".

Aso further said a French neurosurgeon was aboard a plane for Beijing, en route to North Korea. Further, Kim Sung-ho, director of South Korea's National Intelligence Service, told lawmakers in a closed parliamentary session in Seoul that "Kim appeared to be recovering quickly enough to start performing his daily duties".

Japan's Fuji Television network reported that Kim's eldest son, Kim Jong-nam , travelled to Paris to hire a neurosurgeon for his father, and showed footage where the surgeon boarded flight CA bound for Pyongyang from Beijing on 24 October.

Roux said Kim suffered few lasting effects. Shown with his usual bouffant hairstyle, with his trademark sunglasses and a white winter parka, Kim stood in front of trees with autumn foliage and a red-and-white banner.

In November , Japan's TBS TV network reported that Kim had suffered a second stroke in October, which "affected the movement of his left arm and leg and also his ability to speak".

In response to the rumors regarding Kim's health and supposed loss of power, in April , North Korea released a video showing Kim visiting factories and other places around the country between November and December According to The Daily Telegraph , Kim was a chain-smoker.

Kim's three sons and his brother-in-law, along with O Kuk-ryol , an army general, had been noted as possible successors, but the North Korean government had for a time been wholly silent on this matter.

Kim Yong Hyun, a political expert at the Institute for North Korean Studies at Seoul 's Dongguk University , said in "Even the North Korean establishment would not advocate a continuation of the family dynasty at this point".

This was the first time Kim was seen in public since August He was unanimously re-elected and given a standing ovation. Kim reportedly visited the People's Republic of China in May He entered the country via his personal train on 3 May and stayed in a hotel in Dalian.

Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell told South Korean officials that Kim had only three years to live, according to medical information that had been compiled.

There were speculations that the visits of Kim abroad in and were a sign of his improving health and a possible slowdown in succession might follow.

There is no official information available about Kim Jong-il's marital history, but he is believed to have been officially married twice and to have had three mistresses.

His two known daughters are Kim Sul-song and Kim Yo-jong. Kim's first wife, Hong Il-chon , was the daughter of a martyr who died during the Korean War.

She was handpicked by his father and married to him in They have a girl called Kim Hye-kyung , [] who was born in Soon, they divorced in Kim's first mistress, Song Hye-rim , was a star of North Korean films.

She was already married to another man and with a child when they met. This relationship, started in , was not officially recognized. They had one son, Kim Jong-nam — , who was Kim Jong-il's eldest son.

Kim kept both the relationship and the child a secret even from his father until he ascended to power in Kim's official wife, Kim Young-sook , was the daughter of a high-ranking military official.

His father Kim Il-Sung handpicked her to marry his son. Kim had a daughter from this marriage, Kim Sul-song born His second mistress, Ko Yong-hui , was a Japanese-born ethnic Korean and a dancer.

After Ko's death, Kim lived with Kim Ok , his third mistress, who had served as his personal secretary since the s. She "virtually act[ed] as North Korea's first lady" and frequently accompanied Kim on his visits to military bases and in meetings with visiting foreign dignitaries.

She travelled with Kim on a secretive trip to China in January , where she was received by Chinese officials as Kim's wife. As he explains, their roles were limited to that of romance and domesticity.

He had a younger sister, Kim Kyong-hui. She was married to Jang Sung-taek , who was executed in December in Pyongyang , after being charged with treason and corruption.

Like his father, Kim had a fear of flying [] and always travelled by private armored train for state visits to Russia and China. Kim was said to be a huge film fan, owning a collection of more than 20, video tapes and DVDs.

Although Kim enjoyed many foreign forms of entertainment, according to former bodyguard Lee Young Kuk , he refused to consume any food or drink not produced in North Korea, with the exception of wine from France.

Kim reportedly enjoyed basketball. United States Special Envoy for the Korean Peace Talks, Charles Kartman, who was involved in the Madeleine Albright summit with Kim, characterised Kim as a reasonable man in negotiations, to the point, but with a sense of humor and personally attentive to the people he was hosting.

The field of psychology has long been fascinated with the personality assessment of dictators, a notion that resulted in an extensive personality evaluation of Kim.

The report, compiled by Frederick L. Coolidge and Daniel L. Defectors claimed that Kim had 17 different palaces and residences all over North Korea, including a private resort near Baekdu Mountain , a seaside lodge in the city of Wonsan , and Ryongsong Residence , a palace complex northeast of Pyongyang surrounded with multiple fence lines, bunkers and anti-aircraft batteries.

The Sunday Telegraph reported that most of the money was in banks in Luxembourg. Kim's funeral took place on 28 December in Pyongyang, with a mourning period lasting until the following day.

South Korea's military was immediately put on alert after the announcement and its National Security Council convened for an emergency meeting, out of concern that political jockeying in North Korea could destabilise the region.

Asian stock markets fell soon after the announcement, due to similar concerns. On 12 January , North Korea called Kim the "eternal leader" and announced that his body would be preserved and displayed at Pyongyang's Kumsusan Memorial Palace.

Officials also announced plans to install statues, portraits, and "towers to his immortality" across the country. In February , on what would have been his 71st birthday, Kim was posthumously made Dae Wonsu usually translated as Generalissimo , literally Grand Marshal , the nation's top military rank.

Kim received numerous titles during his rule. According to North Korean sources, Kim published some works during a period of his career from June to June At least , copies of [Kim Jong-il's works] were translated into nearly 70 languages and came off the press in about 80 countries in the new century.

There were more than activities for studying and distributing the works in at least countries and regions in The following year witnessed a total of more than events of diverse forms in at least countries and regions.

And saw at least 3, functions held in over countries and regions for the same purpose. The Selected Works of Kim Jong-il Enlarged Edition , whose publishing has continued posthumously, runs into volume 24 in Korean [] and to volume 15 in English.

In his teens and university years, Kim had written poems. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Second supreme leader of North Korea.

This is a Korean name ; the family name is Kim. Eternal Leader Generalissimo. Kim Jong-il. Central institution membership.

Other offices held. Main article: North Korean cult of personality. See also: Human rights in North Korea. Further information: Kim dynasty North Korea.

Main article: Death and state funeral of Kim Jong-il. Main article: List of Kim Jong-il's titles. Main article: Kim Jong-il bibliography.

North Korea portal Politics portal. Retrieved 28 April Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 8 August Strategic Studies Institute.

Columbia University Press. Kim Jong Il's leadership of North Korea. The Chosun Ilbo. Archived from the original on 11 March Retrieved 19 February Sheets, Lawrence 12 February Retrieved 19 December BBC News.

Retrieved 28 December Green eds. Hankyoreh Shinmun. October Asia Times. Leaders and their followers in a dangerous world: the psychology of political behavior.

Cornell University Press. Hassig North Korea through the Looking Glass. Brookings Institution Press. Martin's Press.

Times of Malta. Retrieved 4 April The Guardian. Retrieved 6 January Kim Jong-il's Leadership of North Korea.

Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 19 April Asian Economic Papers.

This tragedy was the result of a misguided strategy of self-reliance that only served to increase the country's vulnerability to both economic and natural shocks The Economist.

Retrieved 24 September Retrieved 11 March Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 5 July Army War College Quarterly, Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 10 October Retrieved 18 December Korea leader sets world fashion trend, Pyongyang claims".

The Independent. Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original on 16 August The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 13 October Archived from the original PDF on 19 March Marshall Cavendish.

Human Rights Watch. July Retrieved 2 August His patients knew him to be friendly, capable, and caring. His family and friends remember him most for his infectious sense of humor, his steadfast loyalty, and his abundant generosity of spirit.

He was always full of energy and loved to mischievously make people laugh--often telling amusing stories and whimsical jokes with a twinkle in his eye.

He had a strong sense of responsibility to provide for his family, constantly working hard and rarely taking a vacation.

Michael often demonstrated a strong, cheerful face to the world—keeping his emotions to himself. Even as his strength faded in recent years, he was thoughtful at all times in his wish to not burden anyone.

He quietly persevered through difficult circumstances and stoically endured deep personal challenges with incredible toughness and a gentle smile.

He is survived by his wife of 48 years, his son, his two daughters, and six grandchildren. He will be greatly missed, but his faith and courage will be remembered by all who knew him.

Share Obituary:. Share a memory Send Flowers Share. Share a memory. Add to your memory.

Shin-Jae Jang. Schweiz DE. Jong-Seok Lee. Ranking nach Fundamentaldaten. Jae-Sik Lee Celltrion, Inc. She was already married to another Pool Onlin and with a child when they met. Events Aug. Brookings Institution Press. Caesar Casino Free Coins Korea portal Politics portal. Retrieved 12 January Boss Sung [16] [17]. The Fugitive: Plan B.